Showing posts with label ISO 22000 CERTIFICATION. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ISO 22000 CERTIFICATION. Show all posts

Monday, 7 March 2016

ISO 9001 -Quality Management System

What is at the core?

ISO 9001 - quality management system is fundamentally based on PDCA.

The aim of this methodology is to bring consistency in the management system.

"To ensure that the best mechanism that has been identified, is done repeatedly at all times by all concerned."

PDCA stands for - 

P  =  Plan
D = Do
C = Check
A = Act


As is obvious, to achieve the desired results, an organization is required to plan its activities. 

Planning involves identifying & aligning activities/resources in a manner that the desired result is achieved.

Yes, to plan is to get it on paper before it is to be put into practice.

This addresses the key questions like - What is to be done? Why it is to be done? How it is to be done? When it is to be done? By whom it is to be done? Where it is to be done?

To get a feel of how important planning is, think of the contrary words like haphazardly, arbitrarily, randomly, etc.


Once you have done the planning, next is the implementation/execution of that plan. Put to use the processes you have identified, the resources (man-material-machine) you have aligned.


Review what you planned & what you did. Address the gaps if you find any. May be the plan can be improved upon; may be the plan was okay but there was derailment in implementation, take note of the insights that your planning & doing must have brought up.


Now, you are required to incorporate the results back into your planning, that you must have got while checking/reviewing process.

Then act again on the revised plan & follow it up with check & act processes.

Friday, 9 October 2015


Document Control is yet another very important requirement of ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 22000, OHSAS 18001 & other ISO certification standards.

Its like a soul for any management standard.

To have the documentations [the paper work, as some of us fondly like to call it] in an entity/company, small, medium or large, is very important.

This is so because it makes principles, policies, intentions, ideologies & all other things that we contemplate in our heads, visible to one & all. And when things are visible, it is easier & effective to understand, control & analyze them. It eliminates confusions, ambiguity, duplicacy, etc. They set the "reference frame" against which all activities are to be evaluated.

Further, this way, we do not loose the sight of the goal posts, the lighthouses that are supposed to guide us, keep us on track.

In brief, anything & everything, that we intend to do, is more effective when we write it down.

So much for the importance of documentation !!!

In the context of ISO 9001 | ISO 14001 | ISO 22000 | OHSAS 18001, the following types of documents are required by any organization. Either all or some of these are definitely applicable. 

> Quality Manual = Describes the quality management system in accordance with the stated policies & objectives [the intentions & the landmarks that one wants to achieve]. This answers the question 'What you want to do".

> Quality Management System Procedures = Describes the interrelated activities & processes required to implement the management system. This answer the questions "How you will do it".

> Work instructions & other documents for quality management system = These are the subsets of what point 2 intends to achieve. It says how a specific activity needs to be specifically done. An activity done appropriately will ensure that the entire process is completed appropriately. Yes, a process is nothing but a set of interrelated activities performed in a specified / pre-deteremined sequence.

The primary aim of an organization is to achieve efficiency & effectiveness. In line with these objectives, all activities are designed & delivered.

Document control means that that there will be a written mechanism to control the documents. Control in terms of which authority, a person or committee, will prepare/make/revise the documents. Which authority will approve these. The history & tractability of documents. Legibility. Up-to-date documents in usage & obsolete ones in their rightful place.